Nitrogen Determination In Plant Samples By Fast Neutron Activation Analysis

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determination of 14C. The method routinely applied in our laboratory for these measurements was to ensure that the carbamate solution is always saturated for samples, standards, and background. 14C analysis of water samples using this method has basically 4 stages, described in the following.

Applications and Availability of Californium-252 Neutron

Cold Neutron Irradiator (CNI) for Enhanced Neutron Activation Analysis Sensitivity A concept developed by D. D. Clark of Cornell University employs a cryogenic moderator to enhance sample neutron capture rates for greater elemental sensitivity using 252Cf-based PGAA.8 One CNI design uses a 2-mg 252Cf source and a moderator at 30 K to deliver a

STP1228-EB/Dec. 1994 Subject Index

Nitrogen, 737 Nonlinear regression model, 694 Nuclear Data Guide for Reactor Neutron Metrology, 641 Nuclear Regulatory Commission, 3 O Oak Ridge Electron Linear Accelerator, 737 Obrigheim power plant, Germany, 147 ONEDANT, 588 Optical absorbance gamma dosimeters, 447 OSIRIS reactor, 255, 472 P Pade-approximation, 694

4,800 122,000 135M

mineral samples in an astonishingly broad concentration range between 1 and 5000 ppm [20]. This AAS technique was later advanced to make it more custom-oriented and beter applicable to diferent types of samples. Moreover, radiochemical trace element analysis is also widely used, mainly using radiochemical neutron activation analysis [23, 24]. By

Assignment 3 solutions

5.7 A sheet of steel 1.5 mm thick has nitrogen atmospheres on both sides at 1200°C and is permitted to achieve a steady-state diffusion condition. The diffusion coefficient for nitrogen in steel at this temperature is 6 × 10-11 m2/s, and the diffusion flux is found to be 1.2 × 10-7 kg/m2-s. Also, it is known that the concentration of nitrogen

Determination of the total mercury in contaminated soils by

Determination of the total mercury in contaminated soils by direct solid sampling atomic absorption spectrometry using an AMA-254 device and radiochemical neutron activation analysis Jiřina Sysalováa,⁎,JanKučerab,MarekFikrleb, Barbora Drtinovác a Institute of Chemical Technology, AAS Laboratory, Technická 5, CZ-166 28 Prague 6, Czech

Atomic of Canada LimJIect PROGRESS

neutron activation analysis are widely appreciated by now. Less w.dely used are methods involving nuclear reactions induced by charged particles. The application of Rutherford scattering of helium ions to the analysis of surface contamination was discussed in the Topical Review for PR-CMa-7 (October - December, 1968, unpublished).


Neutron activation analysis is an isotope specific analytical technique for the qualitative and quantitative determination of elemental content P. Bode, J. J. M. de Goeij, Activation Analysis , Encyclopedia of Environmental Analysis and Remediation, J. Wiley & Sons, New York, 1998, ISBN 0-471-11708-0, pp 68 84

Minerals and trace elements analysis in food

dilution of liquid samples by diluted HNO3, or a surfactant solution preparation of slurry of the powdered sample →ET AAS freeze drying and sealing into an ampoule when a conventional (destructive) method is to be used when a non-destructive method* is to be used * Some non-destructive methods: INAA (instrumental neutron

Analytical Chemistry Division semiannual progress report for

Determination of Traces of Elements in Grass and Grain 12 Determination of the Alkali Metals 12 Useof Fast-NeutronReactions in Activation Analyses : 12 Use of Radioactivation Analysis as a Qualitative or Semiquantitative Analytical Method 13 Use of Autoradiography in Activation Analysis 13 New Applications of Activation Analysis 13

Low Activation-Modified High Manganese-Nitrogen Austenitic

spectrographic analysis (SPGA). Kjeldahl method [13] was used for determination of total nitrogen content in the produced stainless steel grads. An optical microscope was used in the microstructure examination of etched samples. The used etchant is composed of 5ml HCl+2gm picric acid+100 ml Ethyl alcohols.

2011 International Pittsburgh Coal Conference Pittsburgh

The plant has two 775 MW coal-fired units equipped with state-of-the art technology for nitrogen oxide (NOx) and SO2 control. Montour Station fires bituminous coals that arrive via rail trains from a range of suppliers. An important problem with the plant feedstock is the fuel variability and the delay in obtaining fuel analysis from the


The different types of analysis are based on the half lives of the elements of interest. 2) All types of neutron activation analysis are based in the idea that any element can be made radioactive if it is bombarded with enough energy. A) In this type of spectroscopy, samples are placed in a

Aspects of Safety Analysis for Romania s TRIGA CANDU NPP Key

- plant life extension of the life of the power plant - radioactive waste characterization, treatment-conditioning techniques and studies on low and medium active waste and spent fuel disposal.

plants, protein and radiation - IAEA

determination of total nitrogen in seeds by fast neutron activation; and the use of a Carbon-14 labelled energy source to assist in the determi­ nation of specific amino acids by microbiological action. Such methods, he said, represent techniques which are readily applicable to the pro­ blem of screening for protein.

Elemental Analysis of Biological Materials

Nuclear techniques, particularly activation analysis, are already extensively used for the in-vitro assay of trace and minor elements in biological materials. The International Atomic Energy Agency has, for many years, promoted their application in the medical, environmental and agricultural sciences, and has also

Determination of Selenium in Biological Materials by Flow

and neutron activation analysis. Recently, increased interest is focused on methods for speciation of different Se-compounds in biological materials by combined (off-line) or hyphenated techniques (on-line). Hydride generation atomic absorption technique The hydride generation atomic absorption technique was used for determination of

Multielement and Chlorinated Hydrocarbon Analysis of

Analysis for elements by nondestructive neutron activation was carried out. Weighed samples were placed in 0.4-dram polyethylene vials (1.5 cm i.d. X 2 cm high). The samples were irradiated three times, once for a short period in a pure ther- mal flux to eliminate induced Si activity leading to 28A1 (which

The Utilisation of Australia's Research Reactor, OPAL

A neutron activation analysis facility and a laboratory are available in the reactor building for the elemental analysis of samples that are irradiated in a dedicated large pneumatic conveyor irradiation tube for up to 15 minutes at a maximum neutron flux of 4×10 13 cm -2 s -1

Neutron Activation and Activation Analysis

Neutron Activation 1. Neutron Activation Analysis (NAA) This is an extraordinarily powerful technique for identifying General and quantifying various elements (and nuclides) in a sample. 2. Neutron Fluence Rate (Flux) Measurements Neutron fluence rates in reactors or other neutron sources can be measured by exposing targets (e.g., metal foils) to

Overview Note on ASTM and Committee E-10

Neutron Fluence Determination at Reactor Filters by [superscript 3]He Proportional Counters: Comparison of Unfolding Algorithms p. 310 Analysis of the Venus Out-of-Core Activation Measurements Using MCBEND p. 323 Analysis of the Venus-1 Ex-Core Neutron Dosimetry Using the LEPRICON Code Systemp. 333

Selenium in cereal plants and cultivation soils by

Analysis of samples at ITN All samples were irradiated at the Portuguese Research Reactor (RPI-ITN; Sacavém) for 1 h (soil samples) and 5 h (plant samples), at a thermal-neutron fluence rate of 2.25x1012 n cm-2 s-1, together with one disc (thickness: 125 µm; diameter: 5 mm) of an Al-0.1%Au alloy as comparator.

TraceElementDeterminationin Brassica oleraceae var. acephale

techniques and methods of analysis are usually required for their determination. Using electrothermal atomicabsorptionspectrometry (ETAAS),Seinwheat,fruits,fishandmeathasbeenanalyzed1.Neutron activation techniques have high sensitivity, but they are not frequently used because of the specialized techniques,timeandcostinvolved2


makeup, and no nitrogen addition has been required to main-tain system pressure. Liquid samples are withdrawn period-ically for determination of chemical composition and physical properties. Gas samples are withdrawn as necessary to maintain a constant system pressure and are being analyzed for nitrogen and various hydrocarbons. The rate of gas re-

Comparative Study on Egyptian Nuclear Research Centers

analysis of elements or compounds having close masses. In addition, the instrument has a laser scanning facility to analyze the solid samples without any chemical treatment [2]. 3.1.5 Neutron Activation Analysis Laboratory Neutron activation analysis is used to detect the toxic dangerous environmental pollutants. These

Jonas Mažeika*, Galina Lujanienė, Rimantas Petrošius, Nadežda

Jul 26, 2019 sub-samples of each of the three samples were mixed into one integrated sample and homogenized by mortar. For subsequent 14C and 36Cl determination, six sub-samples (replicates) of 1 g dry weight were separated. In previous studies on the radiological characterization of Unit 1, a large collection of solid decommissioning

The effect of wastewater on plant development, element uptake

The effect of wastewater on plant development, element uptake and gas emissions (CO 2, N 2O, NO) Thesis of Ph.D. dissertation Szaniszló Albert


in radial view mode; and instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA). The ICP OES instrumental operating conditions were 1150 W of radio frequency applied power; concentric type nebulizer with a cyclonic spray chamber and plasma gas, nebulizer and auxiliary flow rates were 0.70, 12, and 0.5 L min −1, respectively. The used emission

Influence of Heavy Metals and Soil Amendments on Vetiver

analysis of Fe and Zn in the soil samples used the neutron activation method (Linihan et al., 1972; Ehman and Vance, 1991). Plant growth and analysis A pot experiment was conducted using a completely randomized design with seven treatments and three replications. The treatments and their descriptions are shown in Table 2. Three


neutron activation analysis. is less critical in phonon activation. Another substantial feature offered by photon activation analysis is the unique possibility for determining with very high sensitivity the light elements, of which carbon as well as beryllium and deuterium are not covered by either fast neutron or thermal neutron activation.

Dr. Ajay Tyagi Physics Department Banaras Hindu University

Neutron Activation Analysis (NAA) is a sensitive multi-element analytical technique used for both qualitative and quantitative analysis of major, minor, trace and rare elements NAA was discovered in 1936 by G. Hevesy (Hungary) and H. Levi (Denmark).

DEPARTMENT memorandum

Lindstrom, Neutron Capture Prompt y-Ray Activation Analysis for Hulti- Element Determination in Complex Samples, Anal. Chem. (in press, 1979). Two additional papers are in preparation. Proposed Research: During the coming year, they propose to focus their efforts on reducing

ISSN 0972-5741 Volume 127, Issue 1, January 2021 IGCNewsletter

safety analysis and plant dynamic studies have been carried out. The grid plate of the reactor, a non-replaceable component, is the life-limiting component because of its degradation by reduction of ductility due to neutron fluence. Introduction of tungsten carbide shielding material is expected to increase the life of FBTR by 3 full-power years.

Prompt-gamma activation analysis

Conventional neutron activation analysis employs the radiations emitted during the decay of radioac- tive products for elemental analysis. Some elements do not produce radioactive capture products, but do emit prompt gamma rays at the time of neutron capture. If the sample is placed in an external neu-

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pared with standard samples. Elementary analyser LECO was used for the determination of the to- tal concentration of nitrogen in the foliage. The other 23 elements were determined by neutron activation analysis at the reactor IBR-2 (FLNP JINR Dubna, Russia), which is equipped with the fast pneumatic tnnsfer system REGATA (Pezesedov et al., 1996).


R. M. Yonco, V. A. Maroni, J. E. Strain and J. H. DeVan, A Determination of the Solubility of Lithium Oxide in Liquid Lithium by Fast Neutron Activation, submitted for publication in the Journal of Nuclear Materials. 58


Samples Ultrasensitive Measurement of 99Tc by Mass Spectrometry - J. H. Kaye Nuclear Techniques in Medicine Methods for Medical Research The Determination of Total Body Nitrogen in Animals by Measuring llC in Expired Air After Neutron Irradiation - H. E. Palmer Instrumentation for Measuring In Vivo Plutonium

Coal Sampling and Analysis Standards

Neutron activation analysis 91 5.5.1 Instrumental neutron activation analysis 92 5.5.2 Prompt-­‐gamma neutron activation analysis 93 5.5.3 Prompt fast thermal neutron analysis 93 5.6 Miscellaneous methods 94 5.6.1 Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy 94 5.6.2 Nuclear