An Analysis Of Eye Movements In The Reading Of Chinese

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Elizabeth Roye Schotter Psychology Department PCD 4118G

2007-2016 Lab Manager; Rayner Eye Tracking Lab, University of California, San Diego 2009 Visiting Researcher; Centre for Vision and Cognition, University of Southampton, UK Research Fields Cognitive Psychology, Reading, Language Processing, Attention, Visual Perception, Eye Movements, Electroencephalography, Decision Making, Bilingualism

A Critical Overview of Models of Reading Comprehension with a

reading that good readers (a) sample from texts and make hypotheses about what words are coming next (b) control their eye movements (direct the eye where to go during reading to sample from a text). They further argue that good readers do not usually guess upcoming words in a text, and make less use of context for word

The Role of Phonological Codes in Integrating Infonnation

Saccadic Eye Movements in Chinese Character Identification target character that was fixated following an eye movement to the preview location. and irregular in reading Chinese.

Eye movements of online Chinese learners

54 Eye movements of online Chinese learners Little research has been done in the online learning of Chinese, particu-larly the processes of online reading and of interactive speaking. Understand-ing what online learners find difficult to cope with and the underlying reasons is meaningful as it would help us in supporting our students.

Hsueh-Cheng Nick Wang Research Interests and Recent Projects

the Effect of Word Predictability on Eye Movements in Chinese Reading using Latent Semantic Analysis and Transitional Probability. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 64, 7, 1374-1386. (SCI, IF: 1.30; Ranking 41/ 119) [J8] Chen, M. L., Wang, H. C., & Ko, H. W. (2009). The Construction and Validation of Chinese Semantic Space by Using

Power Reading - Trans4mind

information. Reading is a communication process requiring a series of skills. As such reading is a thinking process rather than an exercise in eye movements. Effective reading requires a logical sequence of thought patterns, and these patterns require practice to set them into the mind.

A Bidimensional Eye-Movement Camera

8 W. R. Miles and E. Shem Photographic recording of eye movements in reading of Chinese in vertical and horizontal axes: Method and preliminary results. J. Exper. Psychol., 8,1925, 344-62. 4 O. Jacobson, An analysis of eye-movements in reading music. Univ. of Chicago, 1926 (Unpublished thesis).

The Speed Reading Course

Reading may be defined as an individual's total inter-relationship with symbolic information. Reading is a communication process requiring a series of skills. As such reading is a thinking process rather than an exercise in eye movements. Effective reading requires a logical sequence of thinking or

Writing Direction Influences Spatial Cognition

systematically influence? As shown by Griffin (2004), eye movements are tied to our organization of information (9). Patterns of interaction with writing may seep out beyond the borders of language. In order to test this hypothesis, we conducted three different experiments on speakers of Taiwanese, Mainland Chinese, and English, testing how

Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and

fixation duration on pretarget words in Chinese reading remains controversial. The evidence supporting an effect of word fre-quency in previous studies (Bai et al., 2009; M. Yan et al., 2010) may reflect parallel character processing instead of parallel word processing in Chinese reading. In summary, previous studies on Chinese reading have


methodology to examine reading processes. By controlling the nature of the linguistic material that is being read, we are able to determine from eye movements, the precise problems that a reader has in comprehension. A final chapter provides a summary of the other projects that were partially supported by Grant NIB-G-74-0016. These projects

Roger Levy - MIT

Roger Levy Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences Voice: +1 (617) 253-5763 Massachusetts Institute of Technology Fax: +1 (617) 253-9216 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Room 46-3033 E-mail: [email protected]

Eye movements in reading: Some theoretical context

Eye movements in reading: Some theoretical context Ralph Radach1 and Alan Kennedy2 1General and Biological Psychology, University of Wuppertal, Wuppertal, Germany 2School of Psychology, University of Dundee, Dundee, UK The study of eye movements has proven to be one of the most successful approaches in research on

A b s t r a c t Eye Movement Patterns on Chinese Yellow Pages

Viewing Sequence and Patterns of Eye Movements The reader s eye can move in almost any pattern over a page, but some patterns are more natural than others. Modern reading in Chinese begins in the upper left corner of text and proceeds from left to right, from top to bottom, and from the front of the book to the back of the book.

Author accepted manuscript: Pragmatic Influences on Sentence

Pragmatic Influences on Sentence Integration: Evidence from Eye Movements Lijing Chena,b Kevin B. Patersonc Xingshan Lia Lin Lid Yufang Yanga* a Key Laboratory of Behavioral Science, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China b School of Psychology, Fujian Normal University, China


An Experimental Study of Eye-Movements in the Silent Reading of Chinese Fung-chiai Wang, University of Chicago. 1924 The Effects of Different Arrangements of the Chinese Language Upon Speed and Comprehension of Silent Reading Horace Tsou Chow Tu, University of Iowa. 1920 The Psychology of Learning Chinese; a Preliminary Analysis by Means of

How form and structure of Chinese characters affect eye

Journal of Eye Movement Research Ma, M. Y. & Chuang, H. C. (2015) 8(3):3, 1-12. How form and structure of Chinese characters affect eye movement control 3 the fixation behavior in the eye-movement patters of the two groups differ. In another experiment using eye tracking methods on Kanji, Hukuda and Watanabe (1996) observed that


words. By monitoring readers eye movements, they found that skilled readers could automatically decompose novel compound words to infer the meaning of unknown words. In addition, Zhang (2015) probed the role of morphological awareness in reading vocabulary knowledge among elementary-age students and the findings revealed that morphological

Eye Movements: From Psycholinguistics to Font Design

Eye Movements: From Psycholinguistics to Font Design The study of reading has been greatly advanced in the past 40 years by the examination of eye movements recorded during the reading process. Despite the advances made by reading researchers using eye movement recording as a methodology, this research has resulted in

Visual Attention is Attracted by Text Features Even in Scenes

both English- and Chinese-speaking viewers attention but with a stronger effect for English-speaking viewers. These results support the conclusion that, due to the viewers everyday reading training, their attention in natural scenes is biased toward text features. Keywords: real-world scenes; text detector; eye movements;

Parafoveal access to word stem during reading: An eye

Eye movements Reading Morphological complexity readers would be able to carry out morphological analysis parafoveally. and a study conducted in Chinese (Yen, Tsai, Tzeng, &


Chinese was their first spoken and written language. Distance visual acuity was tested as for Studies 1 and 2, while nvisual acuityear and reading rate were tested using Chinese near vision charts. Astigmatism had a significantly greater negative impact on reading rates using Chinese compared to the English symbols investigated in Study 1.

Sleep: An Open-Source Python Software for Visualization

existing open sources graphical user interface (GUI) for reading and scoring sleep include Phypno1, written in Python, and the MATLAB-based toolboxes sleepSMG2 or SpiSOP3. With this in mind, we developed Sleep, an intuitive and efficient open-source GUI dedicated to the visualization of polysomnographic recordings and scoring of sleep stages. Sleep

Eye movements in visual cognition: The contributions of

ments in Chinese reading (Yang & McConkie, 1999), (4) the study of children s eye movements in reading (McConkie et al., 1991), (5) the use of eye movements to study language processing (McConkie, Hogoboam, Wolverton, Zola, &

Using singular value decomposition to investigate degraded

investigate degraded Chinese character recognition: evidence from eye movements during reading Hsueh-Cheng Wang Department of Computer Science, University of Massachusetts at Boston, USA Elizabeth R. Schotter, Bernhard Angele and Jinmian Yang Department of Psychology, University of California, USA Dan Simovici and Marc Pomplun

The time course of semantic and syntactic processing in

present experiment, eye tracking, which yields an online measure of processing (Rayner, 1998), was used to further explore the time course of semantic and syntactic process-ing during the reading of Chinese. We explored two questions: (1) Does syntactic and se-mantic processing occur immediately, and (2) can they


However, analysis of eye movements has a long and varied history pioneered over 100 year s ago for the study of reading. As ear ly as 1935, eye fixations and scan paths were measured while individuals freely viewed artwork samples (Buswell 1935). An eye fixation is a relatively

Models of Chinese Reading: Review and Analysis

70% of Chinese words contain two characters (20% contain one character and 10% con-tain three or more characters; Modern Chinese Frequency Dictionary, 1986), it is unclear how readers rapidly segment continuous strings of characters for the purposes of word identification (Li, Rayner, & Cave, 2009) and controlling eye movements during reading


had less visual input. Besides, percentage of reading graph in the equation version was higher than the verbal version. Eye movements showed readers consumed more time on processing equation representation, and need to refer to graphs more, although the readers of two versions have similar behavior performance.

The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Estimating

Keywords: Eye movements; Chinese reading; Word predictability; Latent semantic analysis; Transitional probability. It is well known that eye movements provide an indication of language processing because they are affected by lexical variables such as word frequency (Rayner, 1998). Kliegl, Grabner, Rolfs, and Engbert (2004) used a statistical

An electrophysiological analysis of contextual and temporal

Descriptors: Reading,Parafovea,Parafoveal-on-foveal effect Preview benefit ERPs N400 Scanning printed text involves eye movements called saccades, but words are perceived only during fixations a period of relative steadiness between saccades when a reader s gaze lands on a spe-cific word. However, not every word in a text is fixated; many

The processing of multiword expressions in children and

eye movements of third and fourth graders, as well as adults (first-language Mandarin) as they read phrases varying in frequency embedded in sentence context. We were interested in how phrase frequency, operationalized as phrase type (collocation vs. control) or (continuous) phrase frequency, and age might influence participants reading


Chinese has an object relative advantage, this has important implications for theories of reading comprehension. In order to clarify the facts about Chinese, we carried out a Bayesian random-e ects meta-analysis using 15 published studies; this analysis showed that the posterior probability of a

2008, 15 (5), 945-949 doi: 10.3758/PBR.15.5.945 Object-based

without eye movements were included in the analysis. Tri-top-down influence no matter how it is deployed. On the other hand, top-down can also mean voluntary, in which case automatically applied knowledge is consid-ered bottom-up. We use the first definition of top-down factors in this article. Chinese words are ideal for our purpose. Words are

Revisiting Revisiting Miscue Analysis. A response by Ken Goodman

Paulson, E, Flurkey, A, Goodman, Y. & Goodman K, (2003) Eye movements and miscue analysis, In 52nd Yearbook of the National Reading Conference, Oak Creek, WI NRC Wang, Shaomei (2006) A socio-psycholinguistic study on L2 Chinese readers behavior while reading orally Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Tucson: University of Arizona

Science of reading behavior: how and what do you read?

Combine linguistic and eye data. Quantitative analysis for inference. Text and Personal influence on Cognitive effort eye-movements Reader Document Technicality Layout Syntactic complexity Semantic consistency, etc. Background knowledge Native language Emotional state Working memory, etc. Image registration for

Body language - basics and introduction

people in reading the customer's body language. The OED dictionary definition of kinesics - the technical term for body language - depends on the interpretation of 'non-verbal communication': kinesics - the study of the way in which certain body movements and gestures serve as a form of non-verbal communication.

Time Course of Brain in Reading English and Chinese

localization, to study the reading of Chinese and En-glish by Chinese English bilinguals (native language Chinese, second language English). We used delayed naming, a task that (1) allows the examination of a single word reading event and (2) requires a specific reading process, namely the preparation of a spoken word form for reading out loud.

Processing Rhythmic Pattern during Chinese Sentence Reading

integration. Thus, rhythmic pattern in Chinese can dynamically affect both local phrase analysis and global sentence integration during silent reading. Keywords: prosody, rhythmic pattern, word order, compounding, sentence reading, eye movements, scanpath analysis

The effect of word predictability on the eye movements of

factors influencing eye movements. Thus, it is important to understand the eye movement characteristics of Chinese readers, in order not only to understand Chinese reading per se, but also to determine the extent to which the mod-els that have been developed might be able to account for the eye movements of Chinese readers. 1