The Influence Of Religion On Sexual HIV Risk

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sexual partners, unprotected sexual intercourse with at risk

HIV/AIDS-related knowledge, attitudes and behaviour. a) Outcome variables The risky sexual practices among adolescents may include having multiple sexual partners, early sexual debut, engaging in unprotected sexual intercourse, and engaging in sex with older partners. Indicators of risky sexual behaviour in this study were measured by three

What is the role of the Black church for Black gay men and

justice and liberation themes of religion, HIV prevention messages can be framed in validating and life-affirming ways to everyone, including Black gay men. Thus, religion can encourage Black gay men and couples to engage in sexual behaviors that promote their emotional, psychological, and sexual well being, maximizing HIV prevention efforts.

A Guide To Sexual Health Education Implementation in

the whole child. Sexual health education helps prepare students for healthy relationships and reduces their risk for health challenges that can interfere with academic success. OSPI supports schools in providing such education in partnership with families, recognizing their role as the primary source of education about sexual health

Socio-demographic and sexual practices associated with HIV

infection. Although socio-demographic factors influence substance consumption and risk of HIV infection, the association of these factors with HIV infection is poorly understood among substance users on the African continent. The objective of the study was to assess socio-demographic and sexual practices that are associated with HIV infection

The Influence of Religion and Spirituality on HIV Prevention

Homophobia may increase sexual risk behavior among Black MSM (Jeffries et al. 2013). While studies have shown high levels of religiosity to be associated with low levels of HIV risk globally and among the general population (Shaw and El-Bassel 2014), results for. J Relig Health. 123

The protective role of religious coping in adolescents

Religion in coping with HIV risk 4 Poverty and Sexual Behavior Access to resources influences sexual decision-making, particularly in fishing communities like Nyanza where transactional sex is well-documented (Béné & Merten, 2008). In this setting, females trade sex to obtain fish to eat and sell, and sex is often part

Hijras/Transgender Women in India: HIV, Human Rights And

A study conducted in Chennai documented high HIV and STI prevalence among Aravanis: 17.5% diagnosed positive for HIV and 72% had at least one STI (48% tested seropositive for HSV-1; 29% for HSV-2; and 7.8% for HBV). Published data on sexual risk behaviours of Hijras/TG women are limited but available data indicate high risk sexual behaviors.

Associations of Race/Ethnicity With HIV Prevalence and HIV

times resulted in the exclusion of known HIV risk factors (eg, unprotected sex). Such strategies can lead to biased statistical tests and estimates of association.10 Also, past approaches have not always taken into account potential racial/ethnic dif-ferences in partners potential HIV risk level and partner-specific risk behaviors.

Guiding Principles and Assumptions

Explains how race, ethnicity, genetics, spirituality, religion, and culture influence the de-velopment of sexual identity. B:5 Explains how developmental stages, perception of time, and worldview are often different for adolescents than for adults. B:6 Explains the role of experimentation and risk-taking in the ongoing development of adoles-

Does Migrant Elevate the Risk of HIV/AIDS? A Sequential

and HIV risk behaviour than non-contracted labourers. Further they have added that the contracted labour who sex with a non- spousal unpaid female partner had reported that the sexual partner was a workmate. Gupta et al. 2010 have also concluded that alcohol consumption among mobile men, especially those who consumed alcohol daily had higher

Entre Nous 73 - Causes And Consequences: What Determines Our

Sexual and Reproductive Health at the address above. Please order WHo publications directly from the WHo sales agent in each country or from Marketing and Dissemination, WHo, CH-1211, Geneva 27, Switzerland ISSN: 1014-8485 Editorial By José Maria Martin-Moreno 3 Social determinants of sexual and reproductive health: A Global Overview

FOCUS Dec-98 Religious and Spiritual Influences

School of Religion. Religion and spirituality can affect the attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors that increase or decrease a person s HIV risk. To help clients make and sustain risk behavior change, HIV test counselors must be able to assess the role of these factors in decision making. This issue of the FOCUS Supplement explores the influence

Asian Development Bank Institute

distance from susceptibility or risk of contracting HIV. Distal determinants of HIV-related risk affect the individual s behavior through a long chain of events, whereas proximal factors more directly influence an individual s propensity toward HIV infection. These determinants of susceptibility are further ranked according to their

P R A L Factors Related to Sexual Practices and Successful

health risk behaviors, multiple sex partners, contraception, STI/HIV/AIDS, sexually transmitted diseases, delay in initiation of sexual intercourse, consistent use of birth control, avoidance of STI/ HIV infections, unintended pregnancy, cultural factors, and gender roles.

A Public Health Approach for Advancing Sexual Health in the

outcomes of sexual behaviors have worsened, prompting a need for refocused national attention on sexual health-related issues, especially HIV prevention and adolescent sexual health outcomes (e.g., unplanned pregnancy and STDs). These

Role Flexing: How Community, Religion, and Family Shape the

disparities in HIV infection. Societal institutions such as the family, religion, and the larger community shape the experience of being a young, black MSM and so may, in turn, influence HIV risk.5 7 Stigma and homophobia have been identified as driving forces in this

Religiosity and Sexual Risk Behaviors Among Latina

Latina adolescents. The association of importance of religion with sexual activity has diminished from 1995 to 2008, however, whereas the importance of service attendance has remained stable. The influence of religion was more apparent among the Latinas of Mexican origin, but this greater influence

Investigating Attitudes and Beliefs of University Students

uptake of PrEP medications and the HIV risk behaviors associated with the willingness to take PrEP medications among university students aged 18 to 24 years attending the University of Nevada, Las Vegas. Methods: This exploratory study used a cross-sectional design, and the Sexual Health Model as the theoretical foundation.

Multivariate analysis of South African survey data on HIV

religion and marital status can influence HIV risk by modifying the opportunity for, motivation for and choice of sexual partners and can also influence the risk of transmission via condom use and STI prevention and treatment. These datasets contained i nformation on prevalent, rather than incident HIV cases.


Family Life and Sexuality and HIV/AIDS education are required in health education by Rhode Island State Law. All parents must have access to the local curriculum upon request. Students may be exempted from sexual health education and/ or HIV education through a written parental directive to the school principal 6,7.

Sexual Health for People Living with HIV - WHO

Abstract: Sexual health is defined in terms of well-being, but is challenged by the social, cultural and economic realities faced by women and men with HIV. A sexual rights approach puts women and men with HIV in charge of their sexual health. Accurate, accessible information to make

Male Circumcision and Risky Sexual Behavior in a High HIV

engage in risky sexual behavior including non marital sex, non-condom use and high number of sexual partners (Cassell et al., 2006; Eaton and Kalichman, 2009) as compared to their counterparts. To date, there are still unanswered questions as to what difference circumcision will make in terms of risky sexual behavior and HIV infection.

Adolescence Gender Role Perceptions and Premarital Sexual

related to adolescents sexual behavior. Traditional beliefs adopted by young men are correlated with high levels of sexual risk taking (Courtenay, 2000). Both traditional and egalitarian gender role perceptions are associated with adolescents risky behaviors like having multiple partners or

Factors Influencing Age at First Sexual Intercourse, Number

Aug 18, 2007 exists on the factors that influence sexual initiation and other related sexual behaviors among adolescents. Even less is known about the factors that influence sexual behaviors among young, unmarried males living in urban slums, a population characterized by high vulnerability to STI/HIV infections due to their engagement in sexual and other risk

Sexual behavioural change for HIV

potential risk-producing situations and social relationships, risk perceptions, attitudes, self-efficacy beliefs, intentions and outcome expectations (Kalichman, 1997). Central to HIV prevention interventions based on psy-chological-behavioural theory is the practice of targeted risk-reduction skills. These skills

Understanding HIV and associated risk factors among religious

Background: The influence of religion and belief systems is widely recognized as an important factor in understanding of health risk perception and myths in the general fight against the HIV pandemic. This study compares the understanding of HIV risk factors and utilization of some HIV services among religious groups in Zimbabwe.


risk for sexual abuse, exploitation, sexual violence, and drug abuse (National Alliance to End Homelessness, 2009). The three most common reasons cited among LGBT youth for becoming homeless are (a) running away from families who reject them because of their sexual orientation or gender identity; (b) being forced out of their homes after


and young adult involvement in high-risk sexual activities than about the influence of relationship dynamics on sexual risk-taking and the management of STI risk. Relationship qualities and dynamics have been investigated infrequently or only superficially. Kotchick, Shaffer and Forehand (2001), for example, recently reviewed the existing

NIH Public Access Stacy E. Woodrome, PhD Sarah M. Downs, BA

and Prevention, 2006), too often research has focused on sexual risk behavior (HIV/STI and pregnancy) rather than the development of sexuality. The role of religiosity on the expression of sexual behavior has been strongest for minority women (Zimmer-Gembeck & Helfand, 2008). Hence, it is important to understand the normal sexual development

Religious Affiliation and Sexual Initiation among Ghanaian Women

typicially unprotected sexual activity of young girls exposes them to the risk of STDs such as HIV infection and related maternal risks. The World Health Organization estimates that the risk of dying from pregnancy-related causes tends to be higher among young women. For example girls who get pregnant between ages 10-14, the risk of dying may

Migration, Sexual Behavior and the Risk of HIV in Kenya

Migration, Sexual Behavior and the Risk of HIV in Kenya 835 1995 and annual growth rates of about six percent in Nairobi, the capital city (United Nations, 1995).

Tradition and Culture in Africa: Practices that Facilitate

HIV/Aids (Ruby & Benjamin). It is notable, however, that new international stand-ards define human trafficking in terms of how the victim is exploited and in terms of the victim being in transit (Harrop, 2012). Thus, while a person may be trafficked overseas and across borders, a trafficked person may also be one who is

Sexual Health Interventions for Black Women in the United

HIV/STIs, which directly increases potential exposure and susceptibility to HIV (Friedman, Cooper, & Osborne, 2009). This also indirectly affects Black women s HIV risk as dense sexual networks means that sexual interactions with an untreated partner also increases their potential for HIV exposure (Friedman et al., 2009).

Explaining gender differences in the risk of prevalent HIV

framework begins with the illustration of HIV risk as a function of two independent risks: the risk of sexual exposure to HIV and the risk of HIV infection given sexual exposure (Anderson and May 1991). Both risks may be described in terms of their respective proximate determinants that is, the factors that directly influence their levels.

HIV and Sexual Health Education in primary and secondary schools

Within the school curriculum, dealing with HIV/AIDS particularly aspects concerned with the prevention of HIV-transmission is complex. Dominant cultural understandings influence the manner in which HIV/AIDS can be talked about, for example, drugs are illegal in many countries and are therefore presented to be shunned and avoided.

Abstract HIV Testing and Multiple Sexual Partnerships Among

agencies, and health teachers with valuable information about how multiple sexual partners and HIV testing can influence sexual risk behaviors among men. This may advance HIV prevention and control practices among men in Nigeria.

Migration, Sexual Behavior, and HIV Diffusion in Kenya

migration is a critical factor in high-risk sexual behavior and that its impor-tance varies by gender and by the direction of movement. Independent of marital and cohabitation status, social milieu, awareness of AIDS, and other crucial influences on sexual behavior, male migrants between urban areas,

Adolescents and HIV-related Behaviour in Nigeria: Does

The crux of the study therefore, is to analyze implications of HIV/AIDS knowledge for safe sexual practices among sexually active adolescents in Nigeria. The proposition here is that adequate knowledge of HIV/AIDS will to a large extent influence protective sexual behaviour to

Ethnicity, Religious Affiliation, and AIDS-related

of nonmarital sexual behavior and its status as immoral conduct. As a result, the sexual risk behaviors that make people vulnerable to HIV/AIDS are generally interpreted as moral transgressions, which may function to further distance HIV-positive individuals from organized religion, in turn deepening their stigmatization.